What is A Guitar?
A guitar is described as a stringed instrument, which, in its modern form, usually has six strings although some steel-string guitars may have twelve strings. To speak accurately, a guitar may have from four to eighteen strings. On an acoustic guitar, the sound is produced from the sound-hole on the face of the guitar. On electric guitars, the sound is usually amplified through speakers. The guitar is played by strumming or picking, or for a louder sound a plectrum can be used. Slide guitar is played with a “slide” which can be moved smoothly up and down the frets of the guitar.
The Anatomy of the Guitar, in Brief.
At the top of the neck of the guitar is the headstock, from which the tuning pegs protrude. The neck of the guitar extends into the body of the guitar. The neck of the guitar is fretted, so as to be able to create the notes of the scale in different keys. This is also called the fretboard. The strings extend from the tuning pegs in the headstock to the bridge which is placed half-way between the sound hole and lower end of the body. The strings rest on
a saddle, before they go through the bridge. The sound-board is the top or face of the guitar, the sound-hole is placed in the middle of the face. The body of the guitar is the curved box that the neck is joined to.
There are Many Types of Guitar.
The guitar is loosely classified into nine types, as follows below.
An Acoustic Guitar is a popular instrument which can be played to accompany singing. There are two types of acoustic guitar, which are the nylon string acoustic and the steel string acoustic. The nylon string acoustic guitar is often called a classical guitar and works for the classical guitar have been written for many centuries. Flamenco music is also played on a nylon string guitar.
An Electric Guitar is the instrument of choice for members of bands. The solid body, low thin strings and the ability to be loudly amplified make the Electric Guitar a perfect instrument for the stadium rock concerts that entertain millions of fans in a single venue. The best examples of an Electric Guitar are the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul.
Electro Acoustic Guitars or Semi-Acoustic Guitars are acoustic guitars that have been constructed with the idea of being attached to an electrical pick-up or a small portable amp. The pick-ups are designed to reproduce the unique sound of an acoustic guitar.
Twelve String Guitars produce a brighter, fuller sound than six-string guitars. The twelve strings are comprised of a set of strings which correspond to the strings of a six-string guitar in tuning, as well as a second set of strings which are thinner, but which match the tuning of the string that they are placed next to.
The Archtop Guitar is often played by jazz guitarists. The arched top and f-shaped sound hole give this guitar a mellow rich sound. The full-bodied acoustic style archtop produces a good sound when unplugged, but the thin-bodied electric style archtop needs to be amplified.
The Steel Guitar was adapted by Hawaiian players to be played at a horizontal angle placed across the lap of the player. The Steel Guitar is usually played like a Slide Guitar. The slide effect is usually produced with a Steel, which is a solid steel bar that is moved across the strings. A Pedal Steel has its own, with knee levers and pedals which change the string’s pitch.
Resonator Guitars are favored by Blues and Country music players. These guitars have an unusual sound-hole which is covered by a perforated plate. A cone made from aluminum sits inside the guitar under the sound-plate. The cone gives the effect of a loud-speaker.
The Bass Guitar has the lowest pitch of all guitars. The four strings of this guitar are tuned to one octave lower than the G, D, A, and low E strings of a classical guitar.
The Double-Necked Guitar is the final type of guitar to be described here. This type of guitar was famously played by John McLaughlin in his Mahavishnu Orchestra. The Double-Necked Guitar is constructed with two necks leading to a single guitar body. The necks may be a six-string and a twelve-string or a six-string and a fretless neck.